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  1. Female urethral stricture (FUS) is an uncommon cause of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in women. Reconstructive techniques are being increasingly used for strictures resistant to the more conservative for...

    Authors: Varun Kumar Katiyar, Rajeev Sood, Anurag Singla, Hemant Kumar Goel, Nikhil Khattar and Varun Gunavanthe
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:127
  2. Malignant ureteral obstruction caused by extrinsic compression of a primary malignant tumour or by metastatic disease is an indicator of poor prognosis with a median life expectancy of about one year. We exami...

    Authors: Yasuyuki Kobayashi, Hiroki Arai and Masahito Honda
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:126
  3. Rupture of the fornix is a rare and serious urological complication of obstructive pathologies. The main cause is ureteral stone, but rarely a bladder tumor. Described complications of fornix rupture are super...

    Authors: Saleh Abdelkerim Nedjim, El Mostapha Abdi, Hissein Hagguir, Amine Moataz, Mohamed Dakir, Adil Debbagh and Rachid Aboutaieb
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:125
  4. Patients with idiopathic calcium oxalate stones are advised to consume a low-oxalate diet to prevent recurrence. In this study, on patients with calcium oxalate stones we have attempted to determine the effect...

    Authors: Sathish Kumar Gopala and Jim Joe
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:124
  5. Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in women, and most breast cancer related deaths are due to metastasis. Urinary bladder metastasis from breast cancer is rarely reported in the literature.

    Authors: Asma Hadhri, Rim Abidi, Najet Mahjoub, Alia Mousli, Khalil Mahjoubi, Nadia Boujelbene and Chiraz Nasr
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:123
  6. Testicular microlithiasis in children was defined for the first time in 1961 based on histological criteria. There should be more than 5 calcifications per testicle in order to say that the patient has testicu...

    Authors: Amina Chaka, Amine Fredj Daassa, Wadye Hamdouni, Kamel Ktari, Rachida Laamiri and Abdellatif Nouri
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:122
  7. Prostate cancer is most often diagnosed at the metastatic stage in many sub-Saharan African countries. The objective of our study is to analyze the management of metastatic prostatic adenocarcinoma based on ep...

    Authors: Cyrille Ze Ondo, Abdoulaye Ndiath, Alioune Sarr, Amath Thiam, Babacar Sine, Ousmane Sow, Ndiaga Seck Ndour, Babacar Diao, Papa Ahmed Fall and Alain Khassim Ndoye
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:121
  8. Prostate cancer can be detected incidentally in patients undergoing transurethral resection of the prostate for benign prostatic hyperplasia. Therefore, it is very important that the transurethral resection of...

    Authors: Döndü Nergiz, Hülya Tosun Yıldırım and Şenay Yıldırım
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:120
  9. To describe the retroperitoneoscopic donor nephrectomy learning curve differences between a high volume (training) hospital in Basel, Switzerland, and a low volume (trainee) hospital in Cape Town, South Africa...

    Authors: André van der Merwe, N. Nicole Ebinger Mundorf, H. van Heerden, G. Bonkat, H. van Deventer, G. Mantica, Z. Keyser and A. Bachmann
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:119
  10. Paratesticular fibrous pseudotumour is a rare benign growth with unclear pathogenesis and clinical management. It has been linked to Serum IgG4-related disease. This mass can notoriously masquerade around as a...

    Authors: Jeena Raju Kudunthail, Nikhil Dhimole, Gurpreet Singh and Savitri Honakeri
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:118
  11. A pyonephrosis caused by an obstructing calculus is typically accompanied by fever, loin pain, and other signs of urinary tract infection. Occasionally, severe thinning of the renal parenchyma in pyonephrosis ...

    Authors: Kamlesh Hawaldar Singh, Ankit Vyas, Tarun Rochlani and Sujata Kiran Patwardhan
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:117
  12. Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) has spread globally starting from late 2019. The WHO declared it a global pandemic in March 2020, causing nations around the world to introduce various control measures to ...

    Authors: A. H. Wisda Kusuma, Sakti R. Brodjonegoro, Indrawarman Soerohardjo, Ahmad Z. Hendri and Prahara Yuri
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:116
  13. To compare the urinary biomarkers—beta 2-microglobulin (β2M), monocyte chemotactic peptide-1 (MCP-1), and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β1)—in the outcome assessment of children with pelviureteric junct...

    Authors: Rupesh Keshri, Krishna Kumar Govindarajan, Medha Rajappa, Kumaravel Sambandan, Bikash Kumar Naredi and Bibekanand Jindal
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:115
  14. Retroperitoneal fibrosis can be associated with bilateral dense and extensive periureteral adhesions. When ureterolysis could not be successfully performed due to disease extent and severity, elaborate uretera...

    Authors: Vigneswara Srinivasan Sockkalingam Venkatachalapathy, Datson George Palathullil, Dempsey Mohan Sam and George Palathullil Abraham
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:114
  15. To describe our scrotal bridge flap technique in reconstructive surgery for extensive penile paraffinoma, a debilitating late complication of penile subcutaneous foreign material injection intended to achieve ...

    Authors: Muhammad Arif Khairudin, Syahril Anuar Salauddin and Hamid Ghazali
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:113
  16. To assess the imaging modalities used to investigate both visible haematuria and non-visible haematuria along with their detection rate of malignancy at two hospitals and the corresponding radiological workloa...

    Authors: Lee Chien Yap, Daniel Peter McNicholas, Anna L. Walsh, Abdul Rauf, Ken Patterson and Richard Power
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:112
  17. This study aimed to evaluate the outcomes of modified Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) protocol and standard of care (SC) in bladder cancer patients who underwent radical cystectomy (RC). The length of s...

    Authors: Ahmad Zulfan Hendri, Said Alfin Khalilullah and Gede Andi Aditya
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:111
  18. Forgotten or retained (double-J) DJ stents may lead to several complications. Management of retained DJ stents poses a challenge for urologists not just surgically but also medicolegally and adds to the econom...

    Authors: Abhirudra Mulay, Rohit Kapoor, Sonu Sharma, Shashikant Asabe, Hareesh Belagali, Siddharth Singh, Vikram Satav and Vilas Sabale
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:110
  19. Prostate cancer (PrCa) is a malignant tumour of the prostate that has many associated risk factors. There is continuous rise in the incidence among adult blacks which is a reflection of racial differences in t...

    Authors: Wasiu Eniola Olooto, Abimbola Adeola Oyelekan, Omolara Oluwawemimo Adewole, Adeniyi Olugbenga Fajobi, Ayyuub Abayomi Adedo and Oladipupo Olasimbo
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:109
  20. Mucinous cystadenoma (MC) of the kidney is exceedingly rare. We found 22 similar cases in the literature. These masses are underdiagnosed due to radiologic similarities with simple renal cysts.

    Authors: Mahmoudreza Kalantari, Shakiba Kalantari, Mahdi Mottaghi, Atena Aghaee, Salman Soltani and Behtash Pedram Rad
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:108
  21. Identifying the precise location of the lower ureter is crucial in not only ureteral surgeries but also the other surgeries that may cause ureteral injury. Although a variety of approaches have been applied to...

    Authors: Hamidreza Zia, Seyed Saeed Tamehri Zadeh, Fatemeh Khatami and Seyed Mohammad Kazem Aghamir
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:107
  22. Perioperative bleeding is the most common complication related to transurethral resection of prostate; the aim of the study was to compare the effect of pre-operative use of finasteride versus cyproterone acet...

    Authors: Shabieb A. Abdelbaki, Adel Al-Falah, Mohamed Alhefnawy, Ahmed Abozeid and Abdallah Fathi
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:106
  23. Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumour (MPNST) is a rare malignant soft tissue neoplasm of ectomesenchymal origin. They usually arise from a major or minor peripheral nerve branch or its sheath and also from...

    Authors: Mustapha A. Ajani, Babatope L. Awosusi and Ifeanyichukwu D. Nwanji
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:104
  24. While performing orchidopexy, various suture materials or fibrin glues are used to achieve testicular fixation. This study was designed to assess the histological changes in testis after orchidopexy using fibr...

    Authors: Amit Kumar Singh, M. Srinivas and Saumyaranjan Mallick
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:103
  25. Our prospective study aims to assess if penile parameters and GMS score can predict the postoperative outcome of patients with hypospadias repaired with the TIP technique.

    Authors: Ahmed Shoukry, Ahmed Abbas, Mohamed Abdelwahab, Waleed Ghoneima, Ahmed Shouman, Mohamed El Ghoneimy, Hani Morsi, Hesham Badawy, Mohamed Eissa and Waseem Aboulela
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:102
  26. Male sex reversal syndrome is a rare genetic cause of male infertility with an overall incidence of 1/20,000–1/100,000 males. There is mismatching between the genetic make-up and the apparent clinical features...

    Authors: Mohamed Ahmed Abd El Salam, Noha Hassan Ibrahim and Nehad Nabil Eskarous
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:101
  27. Testicular torsion is a urological emergency and needs urgent intervention to prevent testicular loss and impaired future fertility. It is commonly seen in the neonatal and adolescent age groups. Testicular to...

    Authors: Uzodimma Ejike Onwuasoanya
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:100
  28. Urolithiasis is increasingly diagnosed worldwide. Stone analysis is an important part in the assessment of patients with urolithiasis. However, in sub-Saharan Africa, data on the composition of urinary stones ...

    Authors: Pablo Kuntima Diasiama Diangienda, Dieudonné Molamba Moningo, Jean-Robert Rissasy Makulo, Ernest Kiswaya Sumaili, Eric Musalu Mafuta, Alain Ngoma Mayindu, Augustin M. L. Punga-Maole, Jean-Philippe Haymann and Michel Daudon
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:99
  29. Penile Mondor’s disease (PMD) is thrombophlebitis of the superficial dorsal vein of the penis. Following the occurrence of thrombotic events in the affected veins, the lumen often becomes occluded with fibrin ...

    Authors: Murat Tuğrul Eren, Hakan Özveri and Hilal Kurtoğlu
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:97
  30. In this study, we aimed to determine which patients will benefit most from TMT treatment, and to evaluate the factors affecting relapse, survival and response to treatment separately.

    Authors: Mehmet Solakhan, Necla Benlier, Zeliha Yıldırım, Ali Ihsan Seran, Vildan Kaya and Mustafa Yıldırım
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:95
  31. We aim to evaluate isoamyl 2-cyanoacrylate as an intervening layer in the surgical repair of the urethra-cutaneous fistula (UCF) after hypospadias in comparison with the classic surgical repair technique.

    Authors: A. M. Tawfeek, Andrew Makeen Mohareb, Ahmed Higazy, Ahmed Farouk, Karim Omar Elsaeed, Ahmed Tawfick and Ahmed Radwan
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:94
  32. The Democratic Republic of Congo has been a country of intensive mining activities for centuries, but the data on the presence of heavy metals in stones are lacking. This study aimed to identify different heav...

    Authors: Pablo Kuntima Diasiama Diangienda, Dieudonné Molamba Moningo, Alain Ngoma Mayindu, Jean-Philippe Haymann and Michel Daudon
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:93
  33. ESWL is still considered as the first favorable therapeutic option for urinary stone disease with acceptable effectivity. However, factors associated with favorable outcome have not been widely studied in pedi...

    Authors: Adistra Imam Satjakoesoemah, Fekhaza Alfarissi, Irfan Wahyudi, Arry Rodjani and Nur Rasyid
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:92
  34. Uroliths are stones formed in the urinary tract. Analysis of stones helps to identify risk factors for their development and prevention of recurrence. Standard stone analysis using modern technology is not rou...

    Authors: Celsus Ukelina Undie, Ewomazino Ibanga Nnana and Kalenebari Raymond Torporo
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:91
  35. The role of glycemic control in predicting implant infection and other surgical complications is debatable. This study aimed to assess the potential correlation between fasting blood sugar (FBS) levels prior t...

    Authors: Mohamad Haobus, Raed Almannie, Mohammed Aziz, Mohammed Farag, David Ralph, John Mulhall and Saleh Binsaleh
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:90
  36. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection occurs through binding and internalization of the viral spike protein to the angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) receptor on the host c...

    Authors: Sammy Al-Benna
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:89
  37. Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) is a more recent procedure for the management of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia compared to open prostatectomy or Transurethral Resection of the Prostate. HoLEP ...

    Authors: Celsus Ukelina Undie, Ewomazino Ibanga Nnana and Kalenebari Raymond Torporo
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:88
  38. Transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided prostate biopsy is a potentially painful procedure, due to the insertion of the TRUS probe in the anus and multiple passes of the biopsy needle through the rectum and prost...

    Authors: Oluwatobi Ayodeji Fasola, Augustine Oghenewyin Takure and Olayiwola B. Shittu
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:85
  39. Although involvement of the urinary system is not uncommon, endometriosis in the kidneys is rare. To date, laparoscopic partial nephrectomy has been the preferred approach for managing renal endometriosis. Her...

    Authors: Abbas Basiri, Iman Ghanaat and Hamidreza Akbari Gilani
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:84
  40. Hydatid disease is an infectious disease that affects several organs. Isolated renal involvement is very rare. The treatment for renal hydatid cyst ranges from minimally invasive percutaneous aspiration techni...

    Authors: Ankit Misra, Swarnendu Mandal, Manoj Das, Pritinanda Mishra, Suvradeep Mitra and Prasant Nayak
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:83
  41. Purple urine bag syndrome (PUBS) is a complication of bacterial colonisation of bladder catheters in which urine turns purple in the tubing, as well as in the catheter bag. This rare phenomenon can be very wor...

    Authors: Othmane Mohib, Thomas Roland, Margot Fontaine, France Laurent and Camelia Rossi
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:81
  42. Leiomyosarcoma of the inferior vena cava (IVC) is a rare tumor that develops from the wall of the IVC and can be confused with many other retroperitoneal tumors. We report the observation of a man with leiomyo...

    Authors: Abdoulazizi Bilgo, Amine Saouli, Ilyass Zerda, Fouad Zouaidia, Tarik Karmouni, Khalid El Khader, Abdellatif Koutani and Ahmed Iben Attya Andalousi
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:80
  43. Basal cell carcinoma of the prostate is a relatively rare entity. Their evolution is characterized by the frequency of local and/or distant relapses. Due to their rarity, the treatment is not consensual in the...

    Authors: S. Ridai, C. Moustakbal, A. Lachgar, H. Jouhadi, A. Benider, M. Regragui and F. Marnissi
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:79
  44. Leiomyoma is a benign fibromuscular neoplasm originating from smooth muscle cells. Paraurethral leiomyoma is an extremely rare, benign, hormone-dependent growth from the mesenchymal cells in paraurethral space...

    Authors: Farhat Mazhari, Roopam Singh, Kirti Anima Kerketta, Nilay Pathak and Neha Singh
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:78

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