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  1. Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a prevalent genetic blood disorder with a high global incidence rate. Individuals with SCD experience lifelong complications; one such recurrent complication is priapism. Given the...

    Authors: Agustin J. Nanda De Niro, Gede Wirya Kusuma Duarsa, I Wayan Yudiana, Nyoman Gede Prayudi, Pande Made Wisnu Tirtayasa, Kadek Budi Santosa and Yudhistira Pradnyan Kloping
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2023 29:45
  2. Infertility is a major health problem that affects 7% of the men’s population. Oxidative stress (OS) plays a significant role in the pathophysiology of male infertility. The purpose of this study comparatively...

    Authors: Maryam Imani, Minoo Vahedi Raad, Maliheh Afsari and Farzaneh Fesahat
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2023 29:44
  3. Controversy persists regarding the superiority of partial nephrectomy (PN) versus radical nephrectomy (RN) in pT2a renal cell carcinoma (RCC) tumors. In this study we aimed to compare survival and clinical out...

    Authors: Abbas Basiri, Hossein Salehi Omran, Mazyar Zahir, Nasser Shakhssalim, Nasrin Borumandnia, Giti Noghabaei and Mahmoud Parvin
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2023 29:43
  4. Racial disparities associated with pathogenesis and progression of prostate cancer makes a global diagnostic prostate-specific antigen (PSA) cut-off value inappropriate. Our review aimed to evaluate the pooled...

    Authors: Chika Juliet Okwor, Ifeyinwa Dorothy Nnakenyi, Ezra Ogbonnaya Agbo and Martins Nweke
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2023 29:41
  5. Malakoplakia is a rare granulomatous inflammatory condition that can affect immunosuppressed patients. The genitourinary system is the most involved organ. We present a case of kidney failure caused by obstruc...

    Authors: Sara S. Jdiaa, Jad A. Degheili, Charbel F. Matar, Michele F. Mocadie, Chirine S. Khaled and Aline M. El Zakhem
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2023 29:40
  6. Bilateral ectopic pelvic kidneys are rarely observed, and cake form of fusion is a relatively distinct anomaly. With the presence of aberrant vasculature and risk of injuring surrounding viscera, conventional ...

    Authors: Ketan K. Kapoor and Anup Kumar
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2023 29:39
  7. Penile fracture is relatively a rare urological emergency and has been the topic of a few publications in the literature through clinical cases or case series. Despite this relative scarcity, it is increasingl...

    Authors: Adama Ouattara, Abdoul-Karim Paré, Mireille Konaté, Delphine Yé, Mohamed Simporé, Brahima Kirakoya, F. Aristide Kaboré and Timothée Kambou
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2023 29:38
  8. Melanosis of the bladder is a rare condition characterized by multifocal, diffuse melanin pigmentation of the urothelial mucosa or lamina propria without any proliferation of melanocytes. Less than 25 cases ha...

    Authors: Daniela I. Mateescu, Hamdi Dahir, Amit Goel, Eleanor Ray and Sanjeev Madaan
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2023 29:37
  9. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of vitamin E on vulvovaginal atrophy (VVA) and overactive bladder syndrome (OABS).

    Authors: Nazila Azari, Esmat Mehrabi, Yousef Javadzadeh and Sevil Hakimi
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2023 29:35
  10. The study aimed to test the hypothesis that endogenous testosterone density (ETD), in the low through favorable intermediate PCa risk classes patients undergoing surgery, might be associated with disease progr...

    Authors: Antonio B. Porcaro, Alberto Bianchi, Sebastian Gallina, Francesco Ditonno, Paola I. Ornaghi, Emanuele Serafin, Alessandro Tafuri, Andrea Panunzio, Clara Cerrato, Stefano Vidiri, Damiano D’Aietti, Giovanni Mazzucato, Riccardo Rizzetto, Nelia Amigoni, Vincenzo De Marco, Filippo Migliorini…
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2023 29:34
  11. Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) for advanced prostate cancer (aPCa) causes changes in body mass index (BMI) and in the performance status depending on the extent of cancer remission. The aim of this study i...

    Authors: Louis Tochukwu Okolie, Ikenna Ifeanyi Nnabugwu, Kevin Ndubuisi Echetabu, Obinna Nnabuife Anikwe, Solomon Kenechukwu Anyimba and Francis Oyiogu Ozoemena
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2023 29:33
  12. Increasing resistance of bacteria to antimicrobial agents is a significant problem worldwide. This study aimed to assess the pattern of antibiotic resistance among bacteria that cause urinary tract infections ...

    Authors: Maria Shirvani, Ali Keramati and Mojtaba Esmaeli
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2023 29:32
  13. Renal stones are a prevalent urological disorder with various treatment options, including minimally invasive techniques such as Standard-PCNL (S-PCNL) and Mini-percutaneous nephrolithotomy (M-PCNL). This stud...

    Authors: Hesham M. Refaat, Mohammed Hassan, Tarek Salem and Mohammed Zaza
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2023 29:31
  14. Mayo Adhesive Probability (MAP) score is based on posterior perinephric fat thickness and perinephric fat stranding and ranges from 0 to 5. We intend to validate the score and identify preoperative factors pre...

    Authors: Rajan Prajapati, Niramya Pathak, Arvind Ganpule, Zeeshan Kareem, Abhishek Singh, Ravindra Sabnis and Mahesh Desai
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2023 29:30
  15. Perforation of the augmented bladder is a serious and well-known complication of bladder augmentation. The traditional treatment has been emergent surgical exploration and repair of the bladder perforation due...

    Authors: Ahmed Abdelhalim and Ashraf T. Hafez
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2023 29:29
  16. Mucosal melanomas account for 17% of melanomas, and less than 1% affect the urogenital tract. Primary urethral melanoma is extremely rare; less than 200 cases have been reported so far since it was first descr...

    Authors: Juan Camilo Alvarez Restrepo, Juan Felipe Alvarez Restrepo, Daniel S Maya Giraldo, Jhonatan S Santafé Galvis, Carlos Andres Riveros, Andres Felipe Puentes Bernal and Otto Manrique
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2023 29:28
  17. Androgen insensitivity syndrome is a rare X-linked disorder of sex development that results from mutations in the androgen receptors leading to failure of normal masculinization of the external genitalia in ge...

    Authors: Mumini Wemimo Rasheed, Najeem Adedamola Idowu, Adebayo Ayoade Adekunle, Joseph Olusola Olarewaju, Latifat Tunrayo Oduola-owoo, Foluke Omolara Odetayo, Felix Abiodun Omolade and Akinremi Tosin Opeyemi
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2023 29:26
  18. We intended to assess the outcome of extra-mucosal single interrupted layer ileo-ileal anastomosis for bowel re-approximation in open radical cystectomy with urinary diversions.

    Authors: Abdul Rouf Khawaja, Mujahid Ahmad Mir, Arshi Beg, Shahid M. Baba, Mohammad Saleem Wani and Arif Hamid
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2023 29:25
  19. Hypospadias is a penile congenital abnormality characterized by an ectopic urethral opening, ventral curvature and incomplete foreskin closure with a dorsal hooded prepuce. Management of the outcome demands hi...

    Authors: Daniel Udatinya, Ahsan Ahmad, Gaetan Kabera and Marietha Nel
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2023 29:24
  20. Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most frequent autoimmune neurological disease in the young population. Vesico-sphincter disorders are frequent in the course of the disease; it has been reported that 90% of MS p...

    Authors: Anouar El Moudane, Kaoutar Chhita, Ahmed Jdaini, Abdessamad Motaouakil, Yassine Mebrouk and Ali Barki
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2023 29:23
  21. The parasitic disease known as the cystic echinococcosis (CE) is brought on by cysts made up of the larval forms (metacestodes) of Echinococcus tapeworms. In North Africa, it is greater in rural regions. This is ...

    Authors: Assia Haif, Djelloul Achouri, Mohamed Yacine Merouani and Sorya Ouhida
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2023 29:22
  22. Medicinal leech therapy, otherwise known as hirudotherapy or leeching, has been utilized for numerous pathologies over centuries. The technique resurfaced in modern medicine for its beneficial effects in microsur...

    Authors: Alexander O. Battin, Natalie Hobeika and Matthew J. Zdilla
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2023 29:21
  23. Although calcifications have been observed in various renal masses, osseous metaplasia has very rarely been reported. Here, we present a case of concomitant clear cell renal cell carcinoma with osseous metapla...

    Authors: Saman S. Fakhralddin, Deedar K. Qader, Abdulwahid M. Salih, Ari M. Abdullah, Hiwa O. Baba, Soran H. Tahir, Aras J. Qaradakhy, Dilan S. Hiwa and Fahmi H. Kakamad
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2023 29:20
  24. To investigate the effectiveness and safety of ultrasound-guided and Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL) compared to the standard fluoroscopy-guided PCNL.

    Authors: Randy Fauzan, Raga Manduaru, Ardiansyah Periadi Sitompul, Wendi Rachman and Hendra Herman
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2023 29:19
  25. We aimed to evaluate the role of plasma fibrinogen and D-dimer as prognostic biomarkers in patients with non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC).

    Authors: Sahil Singla, Apul Goel, Sanjay Mishra, Ravi Lohani, Satya Narayan Sankhwar and Sashi Raj Singh
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2023 29:18
  26. Inflammation plays a key role in the initiation and development of cancers. The prognostic value of inflammation biomarkers is proven in several urological and non-urological cancers. Knowing that the mechanis...

    Authors: Idriss Ziani, Ahmed Ibrahimi, Omar Bellouki, Hachem Elsayegh, Redouane Abouqal, Yassine Nouini and Amal Bouziane
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2023 29:17
  27. Vascular injury during laparoscopic partial nephrectomy is a dreadful complication. Though it is a commonly discussed complication, the literature on the circumstances leading to vascular injury, methods of ma...

    Authors: Vigneswara srinivasan Sockkalingam Venkatachalapathy, Datson George Palathullil and George Palathullil Abraham
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2023 29:16
  28. Thoracic kidney (TK) presenting with symptomatic urolithiasis is a rare case scenario. Retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) for calculus in TK is not reported in the literature. We report a case of partial sta...

    Authors: Vigneswara Srinivasan Sockkalingam Venkatachalapathy, Datson George Palathullil, Dempsey Mohan Sam and George Palathullil Abraham
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2023 29:15
  29. Prostate biopsy (PB) is the gold standard for verifying the diagnosis of prostate cancer in men with clinical symptoms. Transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided PB is the most common method for diagnosis; however,...

    Authors: Hamidreza Nasseh, Seyyed Alaeddin Asgari, Roham Sarmadian, Zahra Meshkat, Milad Haji Aghabozorgi, Ehsan Kazemnejad and Ahmad Asadollahzade
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2023 29:14
  30. Paraurethral leiomyoma are rare, benign, hormone-dependent growths. They originate from smooth muscle cells and occur in the paraurethral space of the urethra. They make up approximately 5% of urethral tumours...

    Authors: Arjuna Brodie, Jaskarn Rai, Aristeidis Alevizopoulos and Pravisha Ravindra
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2023 29:13
  31. The testicular descent is a uniquely complex process depending upon multiple factors like growth and reorganisation of the specific gonadal ligaments, hormones, etc., which interplay with each other. Though an...

    Authors: Sumi Elizebeth Reny, Aruna Mukherjee and P. Mini Mol
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2023 29:12
  32. Despite the clinically apparent congenital urethra anomalies being one of the common causes of admission in pediatric urology, yet little is known about its associated factors, especially in third world countr...

    Authors: Joshua Jackson Kahuruta, Sydney Yongolo, Njiku Kimu and Muhsin Aboud
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2023 29:11
  33. Aphallia is a rarest of rare congenital anomaly the incidence being 1 in 10 to 30 million live births. Seen at birth, it leaves the parents and family disturbed. Immediate counselling though done; it may take ...

    Authors: Siddharth Sathaye and Ulhas Sathaye
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2023 29:9
  34. Angiomyolipoma with epithelial cysts is a rare variant of an angiomyolipoma that typically occurs sporadically. Patients with pre-existing kidney lesion or disease have significantly increased risk of morbidit...

    Authors: Nompumelelo Zamokuhle Mtshali, Nontokozo Shandu and Alain Mwamba Mukendi
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2023 29:8
  35. Robotic laparoscopically assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) is an option for the treatment of localized prostate cancer. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the pentafecta outcomes (biochemic...

    Authors: Eduardo Tosetto Cachoeira, Artur de Oliveira Paludo, Pedro Glusman Knijnik, Pietro Waltrick Brum, Lucas Medeiros Burttet, Milton Berger and Brasil Silva Neto
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2023 29:7
  36. Brucella epididymo-orchitis is a complication that occurs in 5.7% of patients with brucellosis and can rarely mimic a testicular tumor. We here report a case of a 25-year-old man with a testicular brucellosis ...

    Authors: Rawa Bapir, Shaho F. Ahmed, Soran H. Tahir, Abdulwahid M. Salih, Fahmi H. Kakamad, Gasha S. Ahmed, Razhan K. Ali, Sasan M. Ahmed and Shadi H. Sidiq
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2023 29:5
  37. Urinary leakage after removal of the nephrostomy tube post-percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) is a common complication which could be secondary to ureteral stone fragments, blood clots, ureteral edema at the u...

    Authors: Ayman Kassem, Ahmad Hamdy, Ashraf Mosharafa and Omar M. Abdelrazzak
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2023 29:3
  38. Primary renal squamous cell carcinoma is a scarce entity, and its presentation as a discharging sinus is still exceptionally rare. We hereby report a case of a renal cell carcinoma in a young gentleman.

    Authors: Coelho Victor, Abhijit Patil, Arvind Ganpule, Abhishek Gajendra Singh, Shailesh Mahendra Soni, Ravindra B. Sabnis and Mahesh Ramanlal Desai
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2023 29:2
  39. This study investigated the diagnostic role of 75 levels measured in serum prostatitis and prostate carcinoma and in the differentiation of these two conditions.

    Authors: Necla Benlier, Mehmet Solakhan, Özlem Nuray Sever, Zeliha Yıldırım, Nuri Orhan, Hülya Çiçek and Mustafa Yıldırım
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2022 28:62
  40. In South Africa, androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is commonly given as primary therapy for prostate cancer (PCa) due to many patients presenting with advanced disease. The metabolic adverse effects of ADT on...

    Authors: Shauli Minkowitz, Oluwatosin Ayeni, Mohamed Haffejee and Maureen Joffe
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2022 28:61
  41. Testicular infarction/gangrene is usually caused by testicular torsion. Strangulated inguinal hernia complicated with testicular infarction is unusual in adults in contrast to many reported cases involving ped...

    Authors: Shong Sheng Tan, Mohamed Ashraf Mohamed Daud, Siti Rahmah Hashim Isa Merican, Mohd Azem Fathi Mohammad Azmi and Nik Mohd Nurhafizi Nik Anuar
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2022 28:60

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