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  1. The Democratic Republic of Congo has been a country of intensive mining activities for centuries, but the data on the presence of heavy metals in stones are lacking. This study aimed to identify different heav...

    Authors: Pablo Kuntima Diasiama Diangienda, Dieudonné Molamba Moningo, Alain Ngoma Mayindu, Jean-Philippe Haymann and Michel Daudon
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:93
  2. ESWL is still considered as the first favorable therapeutic option for urinary stone disease with acceptable effectivity. However, factors associated with favorable outcome have not been widely studied in pedi...

    Authors: Adistra Imam Satjakoesoemah, Fekhaza Alfarissi, Irfan Wahyudi, Arry Rodjani and Nur Rasyid
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:92
  3. Uroliths are stones formed in the urinary tract. Analysis of stones helps to identify risk factors for their development and prevention of recurrence. Standard stone analysis using modern technology is not rou...

    Authors: Celsus Ukelina Undie, Ewomazino Ibanga Nnana and Kalenebari Raymond Torporo
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:91
  4. The role of glycemic control in predicting implant infection and other surgical complications is debatable. This study aimed to assess the potential correlation between fasting blood sugar (FBS) levels prior t...

    Authors: Mohamad Haobus, Raed Almannie, Mohammed Aziz, Mohammed Farag, David Ralph, John Mulhall and Saleh Binsaleh
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:90
  5. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection occurs through binding and internalization of the viral spike protein to the angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) receptor on the host c...

    Authors: Sammy Al-Benna
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:89
  6. Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) is a more recent procedure for the management of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia compared to open prostatectomy or Transurethral Resection of the Prostate. HoLEP ...

    Authors: Celsus Ukelina Undie, Ewomazino Ibanga Nnana and Kalenebari Raymond Torporo
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:88
  7. Transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided prostate biopsy is a potentially painful procedure, due to the insertion of the TRUS probe in the anus and multiple passes of the biopsy needle through the rectum and prost...

    Authors: Oluwatobi Ayodeji Fasola, Augustine Oghenewyin Takure and Olayiwola B. Shittu
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:85
  8. Although involvement of the urinary system is not uncommon, endometriosis in the kidneys is rare. To date, laparoscopic partial nephrectomy has been the preferred approach for managing renal endometriosis. Her...

    Authors: Abbas Basiri, Iman Ghanaat and Hamidreza Akbari Gilani
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:84
  9. Hydatid disease is an infectious disease that affects several organs. Isolated renal involvement is very rare. The treatment for renal hydatid cyst ranges from minimally invasive percutaneous aspiration techni...

    Authors: Ankit Misra, Swarnendu Mandal, Manoj Das, Pritinanda Mishra, Suvradeep Mitra and Prasant Nayak
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:83
  10. Purple urine bag syndrome (PUBS) is a complication of bacterial colonisation of bladder catheters in which urine turns purple in the tubing, as well as in the catheter bag. This rare phenomenon can be very wor...

    Authors: Othmane Mohib, Thomas Roland, Margot Fontaine, France Laurent and Camelia Rossi
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:81
  11. Leiomyosarcoma of the inferior vena cava (IVC) is a rare tumor that develops from the wall of the IVC and can be confused with many other retroperitoneal tumors. We report the observation of a man with leiomyo...

    Authors: Abdoulazizi Bilgo, Amine Saouli, Ilyass Zerda, Fouad Zouaidia, Tarik Karmouni, Khalid El Khader, Abdellatif Koutani and Ahmed Iben Attya Andalousi
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:80
  12. Basal cell carcinoma of the prostate is a relatively rare entity. Their evolution is characterized by the frequency of local and/or distant relapses. Due to their rarity, the treatment is not consensual in the...

    Authors: S. Ridai, C. Moustakbal, A. Lachgar, H. Jouhadi, A. Benider, M. Regragui and F. Marnissi
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:79
  13. Leiomyoma is a benign fibromuscular neoplasm originating from smooth muscle cells. Paraurethral leiomyoma is an extremely rare, benign, hormone-dependent growth from the mesenchymal cells in paraurethral space...

    Authors: Farhat Mazhari, Roopam Singh, Kirti Anima Kerketta, Nilay Pathak and Neha Singh
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:78
  14. Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the scrotum was the first malignancy known to be associated with exposure to an occupational carcinogen—in this case, soot trapped in the breeches of chimney sweeps. Better civ...

    Authors: Jeff John, Ken Kesner and John Lazarus
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:76
  15. The hydatid disease is a parasitic infestation caused by the larval stage of Echinococcus granulosus. The renal location of this infectious disease is uncommon compared to hepatic or pulmonary ones. Most patie...

    Authors: Moez Hamdani, Ahlem Bdioui, Oussama Belkacem, Nizar Jelidi, Atika Baccouche, Wiem Majdoub and Sihem Hmissa Belhaj Salah
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:75
  16. Peutz-Jeghers syndrome is an autosomal dominant disease characterized by mucocutaneous pigmentation and hamartomatous polyps in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT). There have also been cases of extra GIT polyps ...

    Authors: Jai Kumar, Mohammad Irfaan Albeerdy, Nadeem Ahmed Shaikh and Abdul Hafeez Qureshi
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:74
  17. Hypospadias surgery is technically demanding and is often encountered with complications like fistula and glanular dehiscence. To prevent these complications we have instituted Buck’s fascia repair (BFR) with ...

    Authors: Mir Fahiem-Ul-Hassan, Vinay Jadhav, Narendrababu Munianjanappa, Murali Saroja and Ramesh Santhanakrishnan
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:73
  18. Cancer of the prostate (CaP) is a public health problem that affects the male genitourinary system causing a significant threat to men’s quality of life (QoL). Experiencing financial constraints and poor illne...

    Authors: Elizabeth O. Akin-Odanye, Chidiebere N. Ogo, Faoziyat A. Sulaiman, Lawal Suleiman, Motolani E. Ogunsanya and Folakemi T. Odedina
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:72
  19. The aim of this study was to analyze the feasibility and the safety of laparoscopic nephrectomy in the treatment of pathologies of the upper urinary tract through the experience of the Urology B department.

    Authors: Abdoulazizi Bilgo, Amine Saouli, Tarik Karmouni, Khalid El Khader, Abdellatif Koutani and Ahmed Iben Attya Andalousi
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:70
  20. The early detection of bone metastases is very important in prostate cancer follow-up. This study aimed to compare conventional tumor markers, namely free prostate-specific antigen (free PSA), total prostate-s...

    Authors: Semra Ozdemir, Ahmet Reşit Ersay, Fulya Koc Ozturk and Beril Su Ozdemir
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:69
  21. Ureteral inguinoscrotal hernias (UISH) are rare, associated in some cases with congenital abnormalities of the urinary tract. Their presentation is commonly asymptomatic, and diagnosis is mostly incidental.

    Authors: Juan Camilo Álvarez Restrepo, Susan Julieth Moreno Diaz, Sthepani Gómez Castro, Carlos Andres Riveros, Daniel Salazar Radi and Jhonny Bustos Calvo
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:68
  22. Fournier’s gangrene and trauma to the external genitalia are the commonest causes of peno-scrotal wound defects in our environment. The management of these patients includes initial resuscitation and subsequen...

    Authors: Abubakar Sadiq Muhammad, Ngwobia Peter Agwu, Abdullahi Abduwahab-Ahmed, Ahmed Mohammed Umar, Muhammad Ujudud Musa, Babagana Mustapha Abubakar, Jacob Ndas Lgbo and Ismaila Arzika Mungadi
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:67
  23. To review retrospectively the outcomes of management of Fournier’s gangrene (FG) and to assess for possible seasonal variations in clinical presentations of FG to a referral hospital in a tropical African coun...

    Authors: Ikenna I. Nnabugwu, Okechukwu O. Onumaegbu and Louis T. Okolie
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:66
  24. Obesity has been considered as a risk factor influencing operative difficulty. It was reported that body mass index (BMI; kg/m2) did not always properly reflect the degree of a patient’s visceral fat. The purpose...

    Authors: Tateki Yoshino, Shota Oshima, Tomoyuki Sugitani, Yusuke Kobayashi, Kazuo Kawakami, Koji Kodama, Hideyuki Onuma, Hiroaki Yasumoto, Hiroaki Shiina and Yasuhisa Hasegawa
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:65
  25. Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by benign hamartomas in multiple organs of the body. Renal angiomyolipomas (AML) are commonly associated with TSC. They are mostly asym...

    Authors: Bushra Jawaid, Abdul Hafeez Qureshi, Nadeem Ahmed and Nousheen Yaqoob
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:64
  26. The kidneys are the most common site of urogenital tuberculosis. Tuberculosis of the urethra and bladder is caused by a descending infection through the urinary collecting system. Urogenital tuberculosis affec...

    Authors: Vishwajeet Singh, Manoj Kumar, S. K. Pavan Kumar and Mayank Jain
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:62
  27. The aim of this work is to study the role of non-contrast MRI in pre-surgical evaluation of renal masses in renal impairment patients as confirmed by both intraoperative and histopathological findings. Intraop...

    Authors: Osama M. Zaytoun, Reda M. Darweesh, Salma A. Gaber and Rafik M. Ibrahim
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:61
  28. Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is on the increase placing a substantial burden on health care systems. Recent studies have shown that men with high body mass index (BMI) and central obesity, as denoted by ...

    Authors: Eshely Mampa, Mohamed Haffejee and Pascaline Fru
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:60
  29. Most of the outcomes after radical cystectomy (RC) are directly associated with the type of urinary diversion. This study sets out to evaluate the outcomes of ileal conduit (IC) and transuretero-cutaneostomy (...

    Authors: Said Alfin Khalilullah, Untung Tranggono, Ahmad Zulfan Hendri and R. Danarto
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:59
  30. Prostate disorders are among the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in men above the age of 40 years globally. Serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels may be used to screen men at risk of prostate ...

    Authors: Maxwell Okuja, Faith Ameda, Henry Dabanja, Felix Bongomin and Samuel Bugeza
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:58
  31. To assess the learning curve in laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP) performed by a single surgeon who had a healthcare career as a surgical first assistant for 2 years in high-volume centers treating > 15...

    Authors: Sinan Çelen, Yusuf Özlülerden, Aslı Mete, Aykut Başer, Ömer Levent Tuncay and Ali Ersin Zümrütbaş
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:57
  32. Renal cell carcinoma metastases to the spleen are rare. At the time of this report, only 20 cases of splenic metastases from RCC have been published in the literature. To our knowledge, our report is the first...

    Authors: S. A. Adebayo, A. A. Salami, A. O. Takure, O. A. Fasola, I. B. Ulasi, J. I. Nwadiokwu and O. B. Shittu
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:56
  33. Voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) reduces the risk of HIV transmission. Task shifting of VMMCs to non-doctor health workers is recommended to enhance scale-up of VMMC programs. This study evaluated ou...

    Authors: Hope Kibansha Matumaini, Anthony Batte, Kennedy Otwombe, Emily Lebotsa and Sam Luboga
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:55
  34. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-guided prostate biopsy has a higher sensitivity than the ultrasound-guided biopsy, but its realization requires a dedicated interventional MRI, specific material, which is not ...

    Authors: Modou Ndiaye, Mouhamed Jalloh, Madina Ndoye, Samba Thiapato Faye, Saint Charles Nabab Kouka, Ndiaga Seck Ndour, Mouhamadou Moustapha Mbodji, El Hadji Malick Diaw, Ibrahima Louis Mane, Issa Labou, Lamine Niang and Serigne Magueye Gueye
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:54
  35. Testicular germ cell tumor (TGCT) is most frequently diagnosed in young males and its etiology remains poorly understood. Cases of newly diagnosed TGCT have been rising in the United States and incidence among...

    Authors: Farzana Cassim, Amy Pearlman, Ethan Matz, Ryan Terlecki, Andre van der Merwe, John Lazarus, Cecelia Lloyd and Bhavish Kowlessur
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:53
  36. Bladder cancer is the 17th most common cancer in the female population. Most bladder cancers are of urothelial origin. Sarcomas of the bladder are very uncommon.

    Authors: Johannes Eduard Delport and Khanyisa Makamba
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:52
  37. Overactive bladder (OAB) is a health burden that needs an Arabic assessment tool. The idea is to validate the Arabic version of the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-overactive bladder (...

    Authors: Diaa-Eldin Taha, M. A. Elbaset, Abdelwahab Hashem, Hossam Nabeeh, Ali Ibrahim, Megan N. Pardoe and Ahmed S. Elhefnawy
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:51
  38. The optimal surveillance method for recurrence of non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) after intravesical BCG treatment is unknown. The aim of this study is to assess the difference between two surveilla...

    Authors: Nassib Abou Heidar, Muhieddine Saadeddine Labban, Alexandre Khalil Armache, Muhammad Ahmad Bulbul, Albert Elias El-Hajj, Raja Bahjat Khauli and Rami Wajih Nasr
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:49
  39. Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a common disease which causes various health problems for elderly men such as urinary retention, recurring urinary tract infection and bladder stones. The aim of this stud...

    Authors: Fatemeh Akbari, Mohammad Azadbakht, Kanu Megha, Ayat Dashti, Lale Vahedi, Ayob Barzegar Nejad, Zahra Mahdizadeh, Sahar Abdi Sarkami and Mohammad Sadati
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:48
  40. Symptomatic ureteric stone during pregnancy can present a clinical challenge because of potential risks to both the mother and foetus. Ureteroscopy with laser and stone basket extraction represents an emerging...

    Authors: Aso Omer Rashid and Rezhin Yaseen Abdala
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:46
  41. Primitive neuroectodermal tumor commonly occurs in bones and is equivalent to Ewing’s sarcoma. Very few cases have been reported in the literature and they had a very different presentation and very aggressive...

    Authors: R. Pandey, R. Batra, P. Dhaigude and D. Gupta
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:45
  42. Obstetric fistula (OF) complicated by urethral loss (UL) poses a challenge to both the fistula surgeon and obstetric fistula patient. The involvement of the urethra and urethral closure mechanism in OF is an i...

    Authors: Olatunji O. Lawal, Rukiyat Adeola Abdus-salam, Oluwasomidoyin O. Bello, Imran O. Morhason-Bello and Oladosu A. Ojengbede
    Citation: African Journal of Urology 2021 27:44

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