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Table 1 Comparison of demographic data between groups

From: Patients’ life quality during ureterorenoscopy, ureterorenoscopy plus JJ insertion and shock wave lithotripsy in the management of distal ureteral stone: a prospective clinical study

  SWL (n = 44) URS (n = 27) URS + JJ (n = 31) P value
Age (years) 41.2 ± 11.9 41.7 ± 15.5 46.4 ± 15.8 0.248
Sex     0.717
Male 31 (70.4%) 18 (66.7%) 19 (61.3%)  
Female 13 (29.6%) 9 (33.3%) 12 (38.7%)  
BMI (kg/m2) 26.8 ± 3.1 25.4 ± 3.7 25.5 ± 3.8 0.170
Presence of DM 5 (11.3%) 2 (7.4%) 2 (6.4%) 0.750
Presence of HT 6 (13.6%) 5 (18.5%) 9 (29.0%) 0.272
Previous stone surgery 9 (20.4%) 8 (29.6%) 9 (29.0%) 0.573
Stone size (mm) 8.5 ± 1.4 8.2 ± 2.1 8.9 ± 2.0 0.182
Stone opacity 44 (100%) a 25 (92.6%) b 25 (80.6%) b 0.004
Side     0.935
Right 26 (59.1%) 15 (55.6%) 19 (61.3%)  
Left 18 (40.9%) 12 (44.4%) 12 (38.7%)  
  1. SWL—Shock Wave Lithotripsy, URS—Ureteroscopy, BMI—Body Mass Index, ASA—American Society of Anaesthesiologists, DM—Diabetes Mellitus, HT—Hypertension. The same letters (such as a-a) define that there is no difference, different letters (such as a-b) define that there is a difference