Skip to main content

Table 3 Factors associated with successful urethral reconstruction

From: Outcome of urethral reconstruction among vesico-vaginal fistula patients: a cross-sectional study

Variable Successful Failed Total Chi-square p value
Site of fistula
 Juxtaurethral 2 (10.5) 0 (0.0) 2 (8.7) 2.118 0.908
 Mid-vaginal 5 (26.3) 1 (25.0) 6 (26.1)   
 Juxtacervical 2 (10.5) 0 (0.0) 2 (8.7)   
 Uterovesical 1 (5.3) 0 (0.0) 1 (4.3)   
 Combined 2 (10.5) 1 (25.0) 3 (13.0)   
 Large circumferential 6 (31.6) 2 (50.0) 8 (34.8)   
 Vault 1 (5.3) 0 (0.0) 1 (4.3)   
Presenting complaints
 Leakage of urine 17 (89.5) 3 (75.0) 19 (82.6) 0.610 0.435
 Leakage of urine and faeces 2 (10.5) 1 (25.0) 3 (13.0)   
Previous repair
 Yes (1–4 repairs) 10 (52.6) 3 (75.0) 13 (56.5) 0.673 0.412
 No 9 (47.4) 1 (25.0) 10 (43.5)   
Degree of vaginal mucosa fibrosis
 Mild/moderate 6 (31.6) 1 (25.0) 7 (30.4) 0.068 0.795
 Severe 13 (68.4) 3 (75.0) 16 (69.6)   
Type of urethral loss
 Total 7 (36.8) 2 (50.0) 9 (39.1) 0.240 0.624
 Proximal/distal 12 (63.2) 2 (50.0) 14 (60.9)