Skip to main content

Table 3 Comparison of the two groups according to pathological stage

From: Impact of clinical stage on the outcome of laparoscopic radical cystectomy: a prospective cohort study

 pT2
13 patients
pT3
34 patients
p
Age (years)60.9 ± 12.87 (35–77)56.41 ± 9.24 (42–78)0.187
BMI (kg/m2)27.9 ± 4.21 (20.76–33.9)28.2 ± 3.68 (19.1–34.77)0.766
Gender  0.269
 Male8 (61.5%)27 (79.4%) 
 Female5 (38.5%)7 (20.6%) 
Smoking9 (69.2%)22 (64.7%)1
COPD7 (53.8%)20 (58.8%)0.758
DM4 (30.8%)13 (38.2%)0.743
Hypertension4 (30.8%)17 (50%)0.263
Renal impairment1 (7.7%)4 (11.8%)1
HCV +ve1 (7.7%)6 (17.6%)0.655
Preoperative creatinine (mg/dL)1.2 ± 0.36 (0.6–2)1.29 ± 0.314 (0.80–2)0.421
Preoperative hemoglobin (g/dL)12.4 ± 1.31 (11–16)11.68 ± 1.34 (10–14.5)0.054
Postoperative creatinine (mg/dL)1.23 ± 0.43 (0.5–2)1.32 ± 0.29 (0.9–2.1)0.729
Postoperative hemoglobin (g/dL)10.4 ± 1.08 (9–13)10 ± 1.17 (8.9–13)0.126
ASA score2 (1–3)3 (1–3)0.409
CCI score4 (3–5)5 (3–9)0.029
Incision for extracorporeal urinary diversion  0.163
 Pfannenstiel7 (53.8%)26 (76.5%) 
 Midline6 (46.2%)8 (23.5%) 
Extracorporeal urinary diversion type  0.136
 Orthotopic neobladder12 (92.3%)23 (67.6%) 
 Ileal conduit1 (7.7%)11 (32.4%) 
 Operative time (min)321.15 ± 35.12 (250–380)315.29 ± 35.52 (240–380)0.614
 Cystectomy time (min)141.92 ± 23.58 (120–180)147.64 ± 28.26 (105–200)0.572
 Diversion time (min)179.23 ± 22.53 (130–220)170.44 ± 30.05 (110–230)0.345
Estimated blood loss (mL)300 (200–1200)350 (150–1350)0.606
Complications5 (38.5%)9 (26.5%)0.486
 Grade 15 (38.5%)9 (26.5%)0.486
  Fever4 (30.8%)7 (20.6%)0.467
  Wound infection1 (7.7%)4 (11.8%)1
  Ileus (5 days)1 (7.7%)4 (11.8%)1
  Urine leakage (conservative)1 (3.7%)3 (15%)1
 Grade 22 (15.4%)6 (17.6%)1
  Blood transfusion2 (15.4%)6 (17.6%)1
 Grade 32 (15.4%)1 (2.9%)1
  Wound dehiscencea01 (2.9%)1
  Urine leakage (repair of fistula)b2 (15.4%)00.5
Pain [numerical rating scale (NRS-11)]   
 Day 12 (1–5)5 (1–6)0.021*
 Day 51 (0–1)1 (0–2)0.642
ICU stay (days)1 (0–3)1 (0–2)0.956
Time to bowel activity (days)2 (2–5)2 (1–6)0.513
Hospital stay (day)10 (6–14)10 (5–25)0.598
  1. Values are presented as mean SD (range), median (range) or number (%) as appropriate
  2. CCI age-adjusted Charlson comorbidity index score
  3. *Significant
  4. aRequired surgical repair
  5. bRequired surgery for repair of a neobladder–vaginal fistula after 3 months