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Table 2 Comparison of the two groups according to clinical stage

From: Impact of clinical stage on the outcome of laparoscopic radical cystectomy: a prospective cohort study

 cT2
27 patients
cT3
20 patients
p
Age (years)58.11 ± 11.48 (35–77)57.05 ± 9.05 (42–78)0.743
BMI (kg/m2)28.2 ± 4.16 (20.76–34.77)28.17 ± 3.34 (19.1–32.28)0.98
Gender  0.943
 Male20 (74.1%)15 (75%) 
 Female7 (25.9%)5 (25%) 
Smoking19 (70.4%)12 (60%)0.458
COPD15 (55.6%)12 (60%)0.761
DM9 (33.3%)8 (40%)0.638
Hypertension11 (40.7%)10 (50%)0.528
Renal impairmenta1 (3.7%)4 (20%)0.148
HCV +ve3 (11.1%)4 (20%)0.438
Preoperative creatinine (mg/dL)1.24 ± 0.33 (0.6–2)1.30 ± 0.32 (0.83–2)0.528
Preoperative hemoglobin (g/dL)11.9 ± 1.37 (10–16)11.86 ± 1.38 (10.5–14.5)0.762
Postoperative creatinine (mg/dL)1.27 ± 0.34 (0.5–2)1.33 ± 0.33 (0.9–2.1)0.983
Postoperative hemoglobin (g/dL)10 ± 1 (8.9–13)10.27 ± 1.34 (9–13)0.663
ASA score3 (1–3)3 (1–3)0.565
CCI score4 (3–6)5 (3–9)0.072
Incision for extracorporeal urinary diversion  0.537
 Pfannenstiel18 (66.7%)15 (75%) 
 Midline9 (33.3%)5 (25%) 
Extracorporeal urinary diversion type  0.2
 Orthotopic neobladder22 (81.5%)13 (65%) 
 Ileal conduit5 (18.5%)7 (35%) 
 Operative time (min)314.2 ± 35.21 (240–380)320.5 ± 35.61 (260–380)0.553
 Cystectomy time (min)142.77 ± 25.73 (110–200)150.5 ± 28.51 (105–200)0.322
 Diversion time (min)171.48 ± 24.6 (120–220)174.75 ± 33.06 (110–230)0.699
Estimated blood loss (mL)300 (150–1250)400 (200–1350)0.158
Complications (Clavien–Dindo classification)8 (29.6%)6 (30%)0.978
 Grade 18 (29.6%)6 (30%)0.978
  Fever5 (18.5%)6 (30%)0.358
  Wound infection2 (7.4%)3 (15%)0.638
  Ileus (5 days)2 (7.4%)3 (15%)0.638
  Urine leakage (conservative)2 (7.4%)2 (10%)1
 Grade 24 (14.8%)4 (20%)0.707
  Blood transfusion4 (14.8%)4 (20%)0.707
 Grade 32 (7.4%)1 (5%)1
  Wound dehiscenceb01 (5%)0.426
  Urine leakage (repair of fistula)c2 (7.4%)00.5
Pain [numerical rating scale (NRS-11)]
 Day 13 (1–6)5 (1–6)0.447
 Day 51 (0–2)1 (0–2)0.779
ICU stay (days)1 (0–3)1 (0–1)0.425
Time to bowel activity (days)2 (1–5)2 (1–6)0.763
Hospital stay (day)11 (5–17)10 (5–25)0.146
  1. Values are presented as mean SD (range), median (range) or number (%) as appropriate
  2. CCI age-adjusted Charlson comorbidity index score
  3. aRenal impairment was mild (serum creatinine: 1.5–2.1 mg/dL)
  4. bRequired surgical closure under general anesthesia
  5. cRequired surgical repair for a neobladder–vaginal fistula after 3 months