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Table 2 Factors affecting chance of early recovery after low-flow priapism

From: Outcomes of low-flow priapism and role of integrated penile prosthesis management

Parameter Subcategories Recovery Refractory p value
Time to initial management Less than 6 h 18 (28.1%) 0 (0%) 0.1
6–12 h. 8 (12.5%) 0 (0%) 0.4
12–24 h 11 (17.2%) 0 (0%) 0.6
24–48 h 14 (21.9%) 0 (0%) 0.7
48–72 h 10 (15.6%) 4 (50%) 0.01*
More than 72 3 (4.7%) 4 (50%) 0.01*
Age groups < 19 years 7 (10.9%) 0 (0%) 0.4
19–45 years 33 (51.6%) 5 (62.5%)
45–65 years 12 (18.8%) 3 (37.5%)
> 65 years 12 (12.8%) 0 (0%)
Cause of priapism Idiopathic 30 (46.9%) 4 (50%) 0.2
Post-ICI for Duplex 23 (35.9%) 1 (12.5%)
Post-home ICI therapy 11 (17.2%) 3 (37.5%)
Level of management Aspiration and irrigation 23 (35.9%) 0 (0%) 0.01*
Aspiration with injection of vasoactive agent 22 (34.4%) 0 (0%) 0.01*
Percutaneous distal shunt 14 (21.9%) 3 (37.5%) 0.06
Open distal shunt 5 (7.8%) 5 (62.5%) 0.01*
  1. *Statistical significance indicate p < 0.005
  2. Only time transit to initial treatment was significant for development of ED in cases with delayed transit time more than 2 days