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Table 3 Prostate cancer screening behaviors

From: Prostate cancer awareness and screening among men in a rural community in Kenya: a cross-sectional study

Variable Category Frequency (%) T = 576
Ever gone for prostate gland examination Yes 38 (6.6)
No 538 (93.4)
Screened for prostate cancer* Yes 29 (76.3)
No 9 (23.7)
Method of screening used** PSA testing 17 (58.6)
Digital Rectal Examination 9 (31.0)
Biopsy 1 (3.4)
Don’t know 2 (6.9)
When were you screened ** < 1 year 15 (51.7)
1–2 years 11 (37.9)
> 2 years 3 (10.3)
Motivation of screening** Routine checkup 21 (72.4)
Recommendation by doctor/nurse 3 (10.3)
Advice by CHV 3 (10.3)
Advert 2 (6.9)
Who made the decision to screen** Healthcare provider 5 (17.2)
Self 24 (82.8)
Did the provider explain the benefits and risks of screening** Yes 17 (58.6)
No 12 (41.4)
Willingness to screen in future*** Yes 436 (81)
No 102 (19)
Reasons for not willing to screen**** Belief they are well 58 (56.9)
Inability to afford 15 (14.7)
Thinking it is not beneficial 14 (13.7)
Lack of information 8 (7.8)
Consider screening too risky 7 (6.9)
  1. Data are presented in frequency (n) and percentages (%)
  2. *Only those who had the prostate examined
  3. **Only those screened for PC
  4. ***Only those who had never gone for prostate examination
  5. ****Only those not willing to be screened