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Table 4 Intra- and post-operative outcomes

From: Laparoscopic versus open nephrectomy in resource-constrained developing world hospitals: a retrospective analysis

  Open Laparoscopic Laparoscopic converted to open p value
Mean operative time (min) 113 111 192 < 0.001
Mean estimated blood loss in theatre (mL) 311 159 810 < 0.001
Number of patients drain placed intraoperatively (n(%)) 124 (87.9) 27 (60.0) 6 (100.0) < 0.001
Number of patients transfused (n(%)) 63 (45.0) 2 (6.1) 3 (75.0) < 0.001
Admission to high dependency unit (HDU) (n(%))a 14 (50.0) 4 (12.1) 2 (40.0) 0.005
Mean hospital length of stay (days) 10 5 10 0.021
Clavien–Dindo complications
  None 14 (9.9) 33 (82.5) 2 (33.3)  
  Grade 1 62 (43.7) 3 (7.5) 1 (16.7)  
  Grade 2 49 (34.5) 1 (2.5) 1 (16.7)  
  Grade 3a 4 (2.8) 1 (2.5) 0 (0.0)  
  Grade 3b 7 (4.9) 0 (0.0) 1 (16.7)  
  Grade 4a 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (16.7)  
  Grade 4b 1 (0.7) 1 (2.5) 0 (0)  
  Grade 5 5 (3.5) 1 (2.5) 0 (0)  
  1. aData regarding HDU admission from Saint Aidan's Hospital in Durban were not available