Skip to main content

Table 3 Tumour characteristics of RCCs (n = 77)

From: Laparoscopic versus open nephrectomy in resource-constrained developing world hospitals: a retrospective analysis

  Open n (%) Laparoscopic n (%) Laparoscopic converted to open n (%)
Median tumour size at histopathology (cm) 10.6 5.8 11.5
T stage
  T1a 6 (10.7) 6 (35.3) 0 (0)
  T1b 7 (12.5) 4 (23.5) 0 (0)
  T2a 12 (21.4) 1 (5.9) 0 (0)
  T2b 20 (35.7) 1 (5.9) 3 (75.0)
  T3a 9 (16.1) 3 (17.6) 1 (25.0)
  T4 2 (3.6) 1 (5.9) 0 (0)
  Not specified 0 (0) 1 (5.9) 0 (0)
N stage
  N0 34 (60.7) 3 (17.6) 0 (0)
  N1 10 (17.9) 0 (0) 2 (50.0)
  Nx 12 (21.4) 14 (82.4) 2 (50.0)
M stage
  M0 50 (89.3) 15 (88.2) 2 (50.0)
  M1 6 (10.7) 2 (11.8) 2 (50.0)
  Mx 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Fuhrman grade
  Grade 1 4 (7.1) 2 (11.8) 0 (0)
  Grade 2 21 (37.5) 8 (47.1) 2 (50.0)
  Grade 3 24 (42.9) 3 (17.6) 1 (25.0)
  Grade 4 6 (10.7) 0 (0) 0 (0)
  Not specified 1 (1.8) 4 (23.6) 1 (25.0)
Resection margins
  Clear 49 (87.5) 15 (88.2) 3 (75.0)
  Positive 7 (12.5) 2 (11.8) 1 (25.0)
  Not specified 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)