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Table 1 Patient characteristics and indication for nephrectomy divided by intention to treat open and laparoscopic

From: Laparoscopic versus open nephrectomy in resource-constrained developing world hospitals: a retrospective analysis

  Open Laparoscopic Total
Mean n (%) Mean n (%) n
Age (years) 47.6   45.3   
Gender
  Male   69 (48%)   25 (47%) 94
  Female   74 (52%)   28 (53%) 102
Race
  Black   100 (70%)   34 (64%) 134
  Indian   32 (22%)   10 (19%) 42
  White   8 (6%)   7 (13%) 15
  Mixed   3 (2%)   2 (4%) 5
Pre-op haemoglobin (g/dL) 11.49   12.72   
Pre-op creatinine (μmol/L) 110   118   
Indication for nephrectomy
  Solid mass   69   21 90
  Cystic mass   8   12 20
  Obstructed NFKa   23   9 32
  Infected NFKa   21   7 28
  NFKa with stones   18   1 19
  Atrophic NFKa   0   2 2
  Trauma   4   1 5
  Total   143   53 196
  1. aNon-functioning kidney