Skip to main content

Table 3 Complications according to the Calvien grading system

From: Multitract percutaneous nephrolithotomy in the management of staghorn stones

Grade Percentage
Grade 1 13 patients (20%)
 Fever 7 patients (11%)
 Transient renal function derangement 2 patients (3%)
 Postoperative nausea and vomiting 4 patients (6%)
Grade 2 9 patients (13.8%)
 Blood transfusion 6 patients (9%)
 Infection require additional antibiotic 2 patients (3%)
 Nephrostomy site leakage 1 patient (1.5%)
Grade 3(b) 2 patients (3%)
 Bleeding require termination of the procedure 1 patient (1.5%)
 Ureteric stone after JJ removal 1 patient (1.5%)
Grade 4 None
Grade 5 None