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Table 1 Patient demographics, imaging characteristics and clinical outcome of 68 children with primary unilateral vesicoureteral reflux

From: Critical analysis of the outcome of primary unilateral vesicoureteral reflux in a medium volume center

Variable at initial presentation Number = 68 Percentage (%) Resolution no. (%) Persistent no. (%) p value
Gender
 Boy 32 47 24 (75) 8 (25) 0.610
 Girl 36 53 25 (69) 11 (31)  
Mode of presentation
 Antenatal HN 34 50 29 (85) 5 (15) 0.092
 UTI 34 50 20 (59) 14 (41)  
VUR side
 Right 29 43 22 (76) 7 (24) 0.547
 Left 39 57 27 (69) 12 (31)  
VUR grade
 Grade I 11 16 9 (82) 2 (18) 0.048*
 Grade II 22 32 18 (81) 4 (19)  
 Grade III 20 30 15 (75) 5 (25)  
 Grade IV 8 12 4 (50) 4 (50)  
 Grade V 7 10 3 (43) 4 (57)  
VUR group
 Low grade 53 78 42 (79) 11 (21) 0.021*
 High grade 15 22 7 (46) 8 (54)  
Renal scarring on DMSA
 No scars 52 76.5 40 (77) 12 (23) 0.107
 Renal scars 16 23.5 9 (56) 7 (44)  
Split renal function
 Above 40% 57 84 44 (77) 13 (23) 0.032*
 Below 40% 11 16 5 (45) 6 (55)  
Renal US
 No HN 29 43 24 (83) 5 (17) 0.027*
 Hydronephrosis 39 57 25 (64) 14 (36)  
Fate of VUR
 Resolution 49 72%    
 Persistent 8 12%    
 Surgery 11 16%    
  1. * Significant
  2. p value was calculated using Chi-Square test