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Table 2 Comparison between non-palpable and palpable undescended testes, clinical findings and management

From: Management of cryptorchidism in adolescent and adult males

  Non-palpable UDT Palpable UDT p value
Number n = 37 (%) n = 66 (%)  
Mean age (years) 21.7 20.5  
Unilateral 20 (54.1) 54 (81.8)  
Bilateral 17 (45.9) 12 (18.2) 0.024
Intra-abdominal UDT 11 (29.7) 2 (3) 0.001
Inguinal region (inguinal canal, internal and external inguinal rings) 14 (37.8) 43 (65.2)  
Absent testis 3 (8.1) 0/66  
Orchidopexy 15 (40.5) 48 (72.2)  
Orchidectomy 13 (35.1) 17 (25.7) 0.321
Fowler–Stephens procedure 9 (24.3) 1 (1.5) < 0.001