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Table 2 Stimuli and representations of phobia of renal failure according to CSM

From: Experience of a tertiary-level urology center in the clinical urological events of rare and very rare incidence. III. Psychourological events: 2. Phobia of renal failure due to loin pain

A: Illness stimuli Sources Status Patients (n = 78) Percentages
Lay information Yes 78 100
None 0 0
External information Yes 78 100
Current experience None 0 0
Self 0 0
Known patientsa   78 100
Father 6 7.6
Mother 5 6.4
Brother 3 3.9
Sister 2 2.6
Distant relative 49 62.8
Neighbor 8 10.3
Occupational 5 6.4
B: Illness representations Levels Domains Clinical expressions
Native Altered/Announced
Cognitive Cause Undetermined (n = 47)
Non-renal (n = 31)
Renal pathology
Identity Loin pain CKD/ESRD
Timeline Stationary/Regressive Chronic/Progressive
Controllability Controllable Non-controllable
Consequence None or minimal HD and death
Emotional Distress/Anxiety None or minimal fear Irrational fear
  1. CSM the common sense model (CSM) of illness representation, CKD chronic kidney disease, ESRD end-stage renal disease, HD hemodialysis
  2. aSource of information was from an individual who was related or known to the patient and was on hemodialysis or died from renal failure