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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of patients (n = 78) of phobia of renal failure

From: Experience of a tertiary-level urology center in the clinical urological events of rare and very rare incidence. III. Psychourological events: 2. Phobia of renal failure due to loin pain

Variables/characteristics Values Percentages
Age range (Mean ± SD) in years 23–60 (41.12 ± 9.58)
Gender
 Male 21 26.9
 Female 57 73.1
Marital status
 Single 23 29.5
 Married 36 46.2
 Divorced 10 12.8
 Widow 9 11.5
Job
 Employed 23 29.5
 Unemployed 55 70.5
Education levela
 None 14 17.9
 Low 32 41
 Middle 24 30.8
 High 8 10.3
Residential status
 Low 59 75.6
 Middle 14 18
 High 5 6.4
Economic levelb
 Low 44 56.4
 Middle 25 32.1
 High 9 11.5
Fear expression
 Direct complaint 64 82.1
 Indirect complaint 14 17.9
Loin pain
 Anatomical side
  Right 6 7.7
  Left 10 12.8
  Bilateral 62 79.5
 Character
  Dull ache 57 73.1
  Heaviness/Discomfort 21 26.9
  Duration (Mean ± SD in months) 7–36 (15.29 ± 6.17)
Constitutional Symptoms of phobia
 Headache 59 75.6
 Dyspepsia/anorexia 48 61.5
 Othersc 51 65.4
Clinical visits
 Frequency (Mean ± SD) 4–12 (7.44 ± 2.99)  
 Specialties number 2–3  
Relevant history of ESRD
 Relative HD-patient 65 83.3
 Non-relative 13 16.7
Investigations
 Urine analysis
  Albuminuria 0 0
  Crystalluria 7 9
Serum creatinine range (mg/dl) 0.6–1.2  
 Imaging (US, KUB, IVU, CT)
  Simple renal cysts 3 3.8
  Ectopic kidney 1 1.3
  Solitary renal stone 2 2.6
  Phleboliths 4 5.1
  Normal 68 87.2
Follow up range (years) 5–7
  1. SD standard deviation, ESRD end-stage renal disease, HD hemodialysis, US ultrasonography, KUB kidney-ureter-bladder radiography film, IVU intravenous urography, CT computed tomography
  2. aEducation level: Education level was categorized into: Low (essential education levels), Middle (Secondary school levels), and High (College and higher levels)
  3. bEconomic level: It considered the regular annual income
  4. cOther constitutional symptoms include chest tightness, short breathing, lethargy, sweating, and insomnia
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