Skip to main content

Table 4 Bivariate and multivariate analyses of the association between ethnic groups and prostate volume

From: Prostate volume and its relationship with anthropometric variables among different ethnic groups of South-Kivu, DR Congo

Variable Unadjusted mean difference (95% CI) p value Adjusted mean difference (95% CI) p value
Ethnic group     
 Havu Ref.   Ref.  
 Intermediate group* 16.14 (14.37, 17.90) < .001 12.42 (9.96, 14.88) < .001
 Lega 44.46 (39.50, 49.42) < .001 41.52 (37.09, 45.94) < .001
Age     
 < 60 years Ref.   Ref.  
 ≥ 60 years 11.14 (7.92, 14.35) .002 8.99 (6.37, 11.61) < .001
Residence     
 Rural Ref.   Ref.  
 Urban 8.62 (4.35, 12.90) < .001 6.69 (2.49, 10.89) .002
Conicity index     
 Normal (< 1.25) Ref.    
 High (≥ 1.25) 5.07 (1.72, 8.41) .003 .711 (− .82, .24) .363
BMI (kg/m2)     
 Normal Ref.   Ref.  
 Underweight − 1.70 (− 6.71,3.30) < .001 − 3.22 (− 7.41,0.97) .132
 Overweight/obese 8.54 (4.10,12.98) .504 5.59 (− .64, 11.83) .079
WC (cm)     
 Normal (< 94 cm) Ref.    
 High (≥ 94 cm) 10.73 (5.93, 15.53) < .001 1.65 (− 3.68, 6.98) .54
FBG (mg/dL)     
 < 100 Ref.    
 ≥ 100 11.11 (5.81, 16.41) < .001 6.08 (1.68, 10.47) .007
  1. BMI body mass index (kg/m2), WC Waist circumference (cm), FBG fasting blood glucose (mg/dL)
  2. *Shi, Bembe, Fuliru, and other ethnic groups