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Table 1 Perioperative characteristics of patients who underwent RARC between 2005 and 2016 (OC vs. LAD)

From: Quality of surgical care can impact survival in patients with bladder cancer after robot-assisted radical cystectomy: results from the International Robotic Cystectomy Consortium

Variable

OCD

LAD

p value

N (%)

703 (52)

640 (48)

Preoperative

 Age, mean (SD), years

67 (10)

68 (10)

0.04

 Sex, males, n (%)

528 (75)

461 (72)

0.24

 BMI, kg/m2, mean (SD)

28 (5)

27 (5)

0.01

 ASA score, median (IQR)

2 (2–3)

3 (2–3)

0.06

 Prior surgery, n (%)

221 (31)

209 (33)

0.63

 NAC, n (%)

139 (20)

126 (20)

0.97

Operative

 Ileal conduit,n(%)

503 (72)

529 (83)

< 0.001

 Intracorporeal diversion, n (%)

435 (76)

347 (72)

0.12

 Operative time, median (IQR), min

371 (310–450)

369 (310–442)

0.80

 EBL, mean (SD), ml

376 (339)

444 (513)

0.05

Perioperative

 Hospital stay, median (IQR), days

9 (7–13)

9 (7–13)

0.42

 ICU stay, median (IQR), days

1 (0–1)

1 (0–1)

0.73

 Adjuvant treatment,n(%)

26 (4)

154 (24)

< 0.001

 30-d complications, n (%)

224 (32)

205 (32)

0.95

 90-d complications, n (%)

261 (37)

249 (39)

0.50

 30-d high-grade complications, n (%)

63 (9)

72 (11)

0.16

 90-d high-grade complications, n (%)

74 (11)

88 (14)

0.07

 30-d readmission, n (%)

48 (7)

50 (8)

0.49

 90-d readmission, n (%)

85 (12)

91 (14)

0.25

 30-d mortality, n (%)

4 (0.6)

7 (1)

0.29

 90-d mortality,n(%)

12 (1.9)

33 (6)

< 0.001

Pathologic

 LNY, mean (SD)

18 (11)

18 (11)

0.86

 Positive LN, n (%)

0 (0)

301 (47)

NA

 Pathologic T stage > 2

0 (0)

544 (86)

NA

 PSM,n(%)

16 (2)

89 (14)

< 0.001

 Any recurrence,n(%)

73 (10)

252 (39)

< 0.001

 Local recurrence,n(%)

31 (4)

123 (19)

< 0.001

 Distant recurrence (n)

56 (8)

198 (31)

< 0.001

 Median time to any recurrence (months)

12 (6-21)

6 (3-11)

< 0.001

 Non-TCC histology, n (%)

163 (30)

171 (30)

0.76

QCS domains

 Preoperative

139 (20)

126 (20)

0.97

 Operative

359 (51)

318 (50)

0.61

 Postoperative

603 (86)

529 (83)

0.12

Pathologic

266 (38)

209 (33)

0.05

  1. Bold indicates statistically significant difference