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Table 2 Relationship between risk factors and pathological stage and grade

From: A prospective observational study of the epidemiology and pathological profile of RCC in a South African referral centre

Risk factorPathological T-stage (median)WHO/ISUP grade
BMI< 25 kg/m2≥ 25 kg/m2< 25 kg/m2≥ 25 kg/m2
1b2b22
Smoking historyNoYesNoYes
1b2b22
HypertensionNoYesNoYes
1b2a22
RaceWhiteMixed ancestry/BlackWhiteMixed ancestry/Black
2a1b22
GenderFemaleMaleFemaleMale
2b1b22